There are 50 questions from this section out of a total 200 questions in CLAT and 35 questions out of a total 150 questions in AILET entrance examination. Therefore, thorough preparation and study of this topic is of absolute importance if one wishes to ensure an overall high score in the entrance examination thereby boosting their chances of induction into the premier national law universities. The nature of questions given in this section is a combination of two heads; namely, Legal Reasoning and Legal Knowledge.
I. LEGAL REASONING
This entails the application of logical deduction into various legally pertinent situations. The most common type of questions under this head are in the form of a briefly outlined ‘Legal Principle’ that is followed by a ‘Fact’ situation. The student must read and understand the fact in tandem with the previous legal principle kept in mind and thereby apply the principle onto the fact in order to arrive at the most plausible alternative from among the options given thereunder. It is important to remember that the legal principle as well as the facts are generally fictitious in nature, which is why, the student must only consider the fact situation in isolation from all the latent knowledge about laws in the society that they possess. The arrival upon the correct alternative in these questions is incumbent upon the correct analysis and deduction of the answer solely from the given principle and fact situation without exercising any external prudence in mind. The student must not use his personal knowledge about the laws and facts of general awareness that he might have in mind as a result of prior study. They must deduce the logically most likely alternative from the options with a mental inclination as if the principle is applied to the fact situation when there are no other laws in the world, i.e. in a vacuum.
The following tables articulate the topic-wise categorization of questions asked in the CLAT and AILET entrance examination for the period of last five years. As is evident, the Law of Contracts and Law of Torts carry the maximum weightage as far as the number of questions given followed by Law of Crimes and Constitutional Law. These four subjects are the most basic and introductory subjects in legal education and therefore, a clear and comprehensive study of concepts fundamental to these subjects is a must requisite for any law school entrance. At BellCLAT Academy, we have a faculty comprising of graduates from the top National Law Universities who, by virtue of in-depth knowledge and diligent research, have prepared a set of modules in each of these topics for the aspirant to study is concise detail. Not only that, but a formulaic teaching of the basic legal concepts in the BellCLAT Classrooms will give the candidates a certain edge in terms of approaching the questions meticulously in the entrance examination. Discourses upon a few other subjects such as Administrative Law, Public International Law, Family Law, Intellectual Property Law, Code of Civil Procedure, etc. are also offered by coupling them with a holistic set of question banks which will equip the candidates’ basic legal foundations with sufficient mirth to tackle any questions on Legal Reasoning.
|Law of Torts||14||6||12||8||12|
|Law of Crimes||5||9||7||7||13|
|Law of Contracts||7||14||11||5||13|
|Intellectual Property Law||–||2||–||–||2|
|Public International Law||–||–||1||–||–|
Table 1: CLAT – Legal Aptitude Section – Categories and Weightage
|Law of Torts||7||6||3||9||9|
|Law of Crimes||–||–||1||10||10|
|Law of Contracts||7||3||2||4||8|
|Code of Civil Procedure||–||1||2||–||–|
|Public International Law||–||–||2||–||–|
Table 2: AILET – Legal Aptitude Section – Categories and Weightage
II. LEGAL KNOWLEDGE
This section is self-explanatory in itself as it covers the extensive array of topics involving law and order and any other situation related thereto. The tables trace the proportion of questions attributed to legal knowledge in the CLAT and AILET question papers over the period of last five years. As illustrated, this is a fairly new inclusion within the CLAT syllabus. However, since then, legal knowledge has consistently accounted for nearly two-fifths of the Legal Aptitude section in CLAT entrance exam.
The good thing about legal knowledge is that the questions under it are crisp and labelled. This means an aspirant can essentially save a lot of time while answering and covering this section, and use the saved time to indulge in more time-consuming sections such as Legal or Logical Reasoning. Therefore, it is important to understand the outline and structure about this section before delving into the ways and means to prepare for them. This can be illustrated by summarizing the basic spheres of content which are encapsulated under this section.
Static Legal Knowledge
The use of the word ‘static’ in this context refers to the category of legal knowledge that is derived from the existing thread of general knowledge that dates prior to the year 2018. This basically covers matters with respect to the constitution, statutes and other legislations of the land, case laws, judgments or any manner of jurisprudence that are relevant especially in the Indian parlance. Although the questions given are most commonly limited to laws and phenomena endemic to India, there are a few instances where questions are asked from international charters and conventions such as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, treaties, etc. Most other questions are aimed at testing the legal and constitutional know-how of a student in topics which include, but are not limited to, the legislative developments during the Indian Independence Movement, the Constituent Assembly, the various statutory amendments and legislative overhauls post-independence, the status and functions of judges along with the numerous judicial pronouncements over the years, the jurisprudence on political as well as philosophical thinking of eminent jurists, etc.
Considering the exhaustive sphere of syllabus captured under this section, it is important to study extensively for those by covering as many sources of legal knowledge and jurisprudence as possible. Attempting to succeed in this enormous endeavour may understandably sound like a daunting task to a law school aspirant. This is where you can garner assistance from the mentors at BellCLAT Academy who have prepared a thorough compendium of summarised content and questions which can be used by the student for ready reference. The content has been synthesized through careful study of past years’ question papers as well as through research on the most relevant and frequently discussed aspects of legal knowledge in the popular media over the years.
Contemporary Legal Knowledge
Contemporary Legal Knowledge, in plain terms refers to Current Affairs in the field of Law and Policy. Over the years, it has been observed that almost half the questions from Legal Knowledge pertain to the burning and significant issues in the area of law and order that have been prevalent in the country during the period of one year immediately preceding the year of the entrance examination. These questions could range from the specifics of important judgments pronounced in the Supreme Court and High Courts and particulars of the legislations tabled in the Parliament or State Assemblies or policies formulated by the ruling party which have sparked a controversy, to the nitty-gritties of books and autobiographies launched by eminent jurists and scholars.
Much like the General Knowledge section, the sphere of Legal Current Affairs is the most unpredictable and volatile component in the law school entrance examination question paper, especially since it accounts for a sizeable portion of the mark structure. Therefore, in order to ace this portion of the paper, it requires a thoughtful and diligent strategy of keeping in touch with the current events of day-to-day life. As a candidate who is pursuing the final year of senior secondary school, it is difficult to read the newspapers religiously and keep a tab on the current affairs on an everyday basis. Keeping that in mind, the mentors at BellCLAT offer a capsule of Legal Knowledge that includes all relevant synopsis and questions pertaining to all the major issues of current affairs in the legal and policy domain that have transpired in the previous year, readily available for the aspirant to browse through. A compendium of such information is certain to give him or her a thorough collection of all important issues that could be questioned upon in the examination, so as to not go remiss in any manner of preparation.
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